The making of an illustrated book cover

    The making of an illustrated book cover

    What exactly happens after you commission a designer to work on your book cover?

    A lot happens between the initial brief and the finished product. Let me walk you through a recent cover design I created for an indie author Kathy Fawcett – and her husband Steve, who handles her book marketing (lucky gal!).

    The starting point

    The novel Shoulder Season had already been published on Amazon. The cover design was by no means horrible, but Steve felt it didn’t perfectly fit the genre and the story. After I learned more about the book, I agreed. The empty chairs created a rather sad, wistful feeling. The white background was also problematic on the Amazon website’s white background. Steve told me they were looking for a new design in an illustrated style, possibly with the main characters, that better communicated the warm and witty story.

    Working with the sequel in mind

    Steve told me that the cover I was about to start working on was the first in a series. Kathy was already working on the sequel titled Water Dance. Knowing the titles of both books helped me visualize how the style we created for the first book would work on the second one. It is possible to create a design that is very hard to replicate, especially with a new title that’s significantly shorter or longer than the first. So it’s always a good idea to tell your designer that you’re planning on a sequel, even better if you can give them the title.

    The designer reads…

    I started by reading the blurb and the first couple of chapters. As a cover designer, it would be impractical to read the full manuscript of every book I design a cover for, but I love reading so if I have the time, I will. The blurb is great for finding out the obvious things, like the location and characters, but it’s written in a specific style and format – and often by someone else. Reading a bit of the actual book is the only way to get a good sense of the author’s unique style. I pay attention to the level of humour, as well as the pacing – is it quick and witty or slow and reflective? All this should be communicated in the design.

    Reference pics and direction

    Meanwhile, Steve sourced and sent me a selection of photos to show what the book’s setting, Lake Michigan, looks like in the winter. He also included photos of what the main location – the lodge – could look like, and even photos of models and actors wearing winter clothes he thought would be appropriate for the characters. Not all clients send me this much to work on, and I’m perfectly happy to pick reference images of the internet, based on a verbal description.

    Examples of winter themed chick lit covers on Pinterest

    To further zero in on the style Steve was after, I create a Pinterest board with some examples of covers with similar themes. Steve also shared book covers he and Kathy really liked, explaining what they thought was clever or attractive about each one. Even if you can’t explain why you like them, sharing your favourite book covers with your designer is a great idea. Having concrete samples makes it much easier to discuss different styles and directions before the designer starts working on yours.
    In this case, Steve said he wanted to explore a ‘traditional’ illustrated cover with both the characters and the location.

    Working with vector illustration

    I tend to draw vector illustrations using a mixture of photographs, sometimes several of them combined together. I might take an arm from one person, a face from another, a hairstyle from a third one. It sounds weird, but for me, it works. The beauty of vector illustration is that you can scale, flip, warp, rotate, re-colour and so on, without reducing quality. It is a style that allows you to create a unique, blended ’reality’ that you could never find in one single photograph. Since it’s vector-based, the same design can be scaled up and printed on a large scale poster or a banner without it looking pixelated.


    After a few days, I emailed Steve a PDF with some options. When sending out drafts, I don’t usually explain myself in length. Even an early draft needs to be on a level where you can easily imagine how the finished artwork might look like. These were the options I sent.

    Option 1: The onventional style, characters within a scene.

    Option 2: The location in focus.

    Option 3: A hand-drawn style with the title in focus.

    Testing, testing…

    Steve and Kathy consulted their friends and readers and chose the option 1. I don’t actually believe there is one right choice. They all have merits. Each direction could work, but they most likely appeal to slightly different demographics. The best way to choose the right one is to show the cover concepts to as many of your actual or potential readers as you can. Your own opinion counts too, of course. But you want to sell as many books as possible, right? That’s why testing your cover with the right people becomes absolutely essential. They know which one they are drawn to the most. It’s a gut reaction. Ask them something like ‘which book would you be most interested in reading?’. You don’t need to know the reason why. Often, people don’t know exactly why they prefer a certain cover, they just do.

    Remember, you don’t have to choose just one design. We can go ahead with two designs and you can A/B test them to find out which one performs better.

    Further amends

    When Steve emailed to let me know which design they preferred, he requested some amends. I won’t list them all here, but see if you can spot what happened between the first, second and third drafts. The main thing that changed was the lodge, which they felt needed to be a lot smaller, from a different angle. I drew another version from another photo. Steve also asked me to add the A-frame cabin that features in the story.

    Version 2

    Version 3 (final) – spot the differences!

    Paperback and other formats

    After version 3, Steve and Kathy were happy with the cover, and we moved on to work on the paperback. To start off, I asked Steve to send me the back cover blurb, the cover size they wanted, and asked a few other questions to determine the spine width of the book and then extended the design to a full wrap.

    Time to go public

    After the final files have been delivered, it’s up to the client to upload the new covers on Amazon or any other platforms. With the paperback, I recommend ordering an author copy of the paperback book to check the quality. If there are any issues that can be fixed at my end, I can provide an updated printer file. When everything is up and running, it’s time to make some noise. Be proud of your book. Shout it from the rooftops. Even with a previously published book, it’s a good idea to send out a newsletter, do a cover reveal on social media and maybe run a promo to make the most of the facelift. And of course, let your designer promote it for you 😀

    Need help with your book cover?

    I’d be more than happy to design your cover for you 🙂  Book HERE.

    Hi! I'm Enni.

    I've worked in the creative industry for more than two decades. I was born in Finland, but currently live in New Zealand.

    As a designer, I love beautiful book covers. As a reader and writer, I love romance – especially romantic comedy!

    FREE E-book Cover Templates!

    Sometimes even the pre-made covers can be cost prohibitive. Especially if you’re working on a piece of writing that you’re giving up for free like a short story, novella, or reader magnet. That’s why i’ve created these templates. Enjoy!